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Citizenship

Eligibility

To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  • Be a permanent resident
  • Have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
  • Have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • Pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada
  • Prove your language skill

Permanent Residents of Canada must have been physically present in Canada for at least 1095 days during the five years right before the date you sign your application.

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Language skills

Canada has two official languages: English and French. If you’re 18 to 54 years of age on the day you sign your application, you must show that you can speak and listen at a specific level in one of these languages.

The ways we measure your language skills in English or French include:

  • Reviewing the proof, you send with your application
  • Noting how well you communicate when you talk to a citizenship official anytime during the process
  • Assessing your language level during a hearing with a citizenship official, if necessary

To become a citizen, you need to meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) Level 4 or higher. This means you can:

  • Take part in short, everyday conversations about common topics
  • Understand simple instructions, questions and directions
  • Use basic grammar, including simple structures and tenses
  • Show you know enough common words and phrases to answer questions and express yourself

We accept various certificates, diplomas and tests as proof of your language skills.

Source: IRCC website

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